An update on the last elections of 2016 – December

Here is a short focus on developments regarding the last 3 elections that took place in 2016 and the postponed elections in the DR Congo. 14 elections are planned for 2017. The previous update about 2016 elections is available here.

elections-2016-_13262802_b7a1c5dbd5c3db305ca458720dda264c8ed54c3d

For a full graphic experience, click here

  • Ghana

Ghanaians voted on December 7 to elect their members of parliament and their president. There was a period of doubt after an apparent hacking of the electoral commission’s website and delays in the announcements of the results. The now ex-opponent Nana Akufo-Addo won the presidential vote with 53.85%. His party, the New Patriotic Front, won the legislatives with 171 seats. Mr. Akufo-Addo was sworn in on January 7, 2017. Since 1992, there have been 3 changes in power through the polls in Ghana.

  • The Gambia

The Gambian presidential election took place on December 1, 2016. The opponent Adama Barrow won. On December 2, outgoing president, Yahya Jammeh, accepted his defeat. N. Dlamini-Zuma publicly hailed this gesture. However, the following week, President Jammeh changed his mind after a correction in the results that did not halter the initial outcome. Since this change, the Economic Community of Western African States (ECOWAS) has decided to work to uphold the results and ensure the peaceful transfer of power to the President-elect. ECOWAS mediation is lead by Presidents Buhari from Nigeria and Sirleaf from Liberia. Since Jammeh’s volte-face, the army has occupied the electoral commission facilities, the head of the electoral commission has been reported fleeing the country just like thousands of Gambians crossing to Senegal. President Jammeh challenged the results before the Supreme Court. The head of this court declared early January that the court was unable to hear the petition before May due to technical reasons. The current presidential mandate comes to an end on January 19, 2017.

  • Côte d’Ivoire

Parliamentary elections took place on December 18, 2016. The official results presented the Rassemblement des Houphouëtistes pour la Démocratie en Côte d’Ivoire (RHDP) as the large winner with 167 seats out of 255. This movement support Ivorian President, Alassane Ouattara.

Postponed

  • Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC)

President Kabila’s second mandate came to an end on December 19, 2016. According to the UN, at least 40 people died during the demonstrations on December 19 and 20 against Kabila’s refusal to step down. An agreement was reached at the very end of 2016 between the power and opposition movements under the auspices of the Congolese bishops. It states that legislative and presidential elections, originally planned for 2016, then postponed to 2018, should be organised by the end of 2017. It states also that an opponent should be appointed Prime Minister and that Joseph Kabila can stay in power until his successor has been sworn in.

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Un point sur les dernières élections de 2016 – décembre

Voici un point sur le développement concernant les 3 dernières élections de 2016 et les élections reportées en RD Congo. Le précédent point est disponible ici.

elections-2016-_18588654_eaac1ec5ef72f6d8c2b10f63c24ac7347e66c047

Pour une expérience graphique complète, cliquez ici.

  • Ghana

Les ghanéens ont voté le 7 décembre pour élire leurs députés et leur président. Il y a eu une période de doute suite à un prétendu piratage du site de la commission électorale et du retard dans l’annonce du résultat. L’ex-opposant Nana Akufo-Addo a remporté la présidentielle avec 53.85%. Son parti, le New Patriotic Front, a également remporté la majorité à l’assemblée avec 171 sièges. M. Akufo-Addo a prêté serment le 7 janvier 2017. Depuis 1992, il s’agit de la troisième alternance au pouvoir par les urnes au Ghana.

  • Gambie

L’élection présidentielle gambienne a bien eu lieu le 1er décembre 2016. Elle a été remportée par l’opposant Adama Barrow. Le 2 décembre, le président sortant, Yahya Jammeh, reconnaissait sa défaite, un geste salué par la présidente de la Commission de l’Union africaine, Dlamini-Zuma. Mais la semaine suivante, le président Jammeh changeait d’avis suite à une correction des résultats qui n’altérait cependant pas le résultat initial. Depuis ce revirement, la Communauté Economique des Etats d’Afrique de l’Ouest (CEDEAO) a décidé de travailler au maintien du résultat et à un transfert pacifique du pouvoir. Sa médiation est menée par les présidents Buhari du Nigeria et Sirleaf du Liberia. L’armée a occupé les locaux de la commission électorale, le président de la commission électorale aurait quitté le pays et des milliers de gambiens auraient traversé la frontière pour se réfugier au Sénégal. Le président Jammeh a décidé de contester les résultats devant la cour suprême. Le président de cette dernière a annoncé début janvier que la cour ne pourrait pour des raisons techniques statuer sur le recours présidentiel contre les résultats des élections avant mai 2017. Le mandat actuel du président Jammeh se termine le 19 janvier 2017.

  • Côte d’Ivoire

Les élections parlementaires ont eu lieu le 18 décembre. Les résultats officiels ont donné gagnant le Rassemblement des Houphouëtistes pour la Démocratie en Côte d’Ivoire (RHDP). Le RHDP a remporté 167 sièges sur 255. Ce rassemblement soutient le président ivoirien, Alassane Ouattara.

Reportées

  • République démocratique du Congo (RDC)

Le 2e mandat du Président Kabila s’est terminé le 19 décembre 2016. Selon l’ONU, au moins 40 personnes sont mortes lors des manifestations des 19 et 20 décembre contre le maintien de Kabila au pouvoir. Un accord a été trouvé à la toute fin de 2016 entre une partie de l’opposition et le mouvement au pouvoir sous l’égide des évêques congolais. Les élections parlementaires et présidentielles étaient prévues pour la fin 2016 puis annoncées comme reportées en 2018. Avec cet accord, et pour l’instant, les élections sont prévues d’ici la fin de 2017. D’ici là, l’accord prévoit le maintien de Joseph Kabila en tant que président jusqu’à la prise de fonction de son successeur et la nomination d’un premier ministre d’opposition.

 

Un point sur les élections de 2016 – Novembre

Nous vous proposons un suivi factuel des 3 élections organisées en septembre/octobre et de la préparation des 3 élections prévues pour décembre.

elections-2016-_13262802_e998143d5662218a72b47d0fbad7d6f21e68e31b

Pour une expérience graphique complète, cliquez ici.

  • Seychelles

Après la victoire de l’ex-opposition en septembre aux législatives de septembre, James Michel, le désormais ex-président, avait promis de laisser la place le 16 octobre 2016. Chose faite. Son ancien vice-président, Danny Faure, est donc président. Son mandat devrait courir jusqu’en 2020.

  • Cap-Vert

Le président Jorge Carlos Fonseca a été réélu un second mandat le 2 octobre avec 74% des voix.

  • Maroc

Les élections parlementaires ont été organisées le 7 octobre 2016. Le parti de la justice et du développement (PJD) a remporté 125 sièges sur 395. Le PJD doit maintenant former une coalition gouvernementale.

Les élections restantes pour 2016

  • Gambie

L’élection gambienne est prévue pour le 1er décembre 2016.

  • Ghana

Les ghanéens doivent voter le 7 décembre pour élire leurs députés et leur président. Un second tour est prévu, uniquement pour la présidentielle, le 28 décembre 2016

  • Côte d’Ivoire

Les élections parlementaires ont été fixées au 18 décembre.

Reportées

  • République démocratique du Congo (RDC)

Les élections parlementaires et présidentielles étaient prévues pour la fin 2016 mais elles ont été reportées en octobre pour 2018.

  • Elections prévues pour 2017

Il y a 8 élections nationales prévues l’année prochaine : au Somaliland, Kenya, Sénégal, Sierra Leone, Rwanda, Liberia, Gambie et en Algérie.

Nous reviendrons début 2017 pour un dernier rapport factuel sur les élections de 2016.

An update on the 2016 elections – November

We have news about 3 elections that took place in September-October and the 3 more that are to take place in December. 8 elections are planned for 2017.

elections-2016-_13262802_f660369e94ba62bc2d68b41feac2ebe19d9df031

For a full infographic experience click here.

  • Seychelles

After the victory of the then-opposition in September, James Michel, the then-President, had promised to stand down on October 16, 2016. He did. His former Vice-President, Dany Faure has become the new President. He should remain so for the rest of the term, until 2020.

  • Cape-Verde

The final results of the October 2nd elections gave the re-elected President Jorge Carlos Fonseca 74% of the votes.

  • Morocco

The parliamentary elections were held on October 7, 2016. The Justice and Development Party (PJD) led the results and won 125 seats out of 395. The PJD is expected to form a coalition.

Elections left to happen in 2016

  • Gambia

The Presidential election is due on December 1st, 2016.

  • Ghana

Ghanaians are expected to vote on December 7, 2016 to elect their MPs and their President. A second round is planned for the Presidential election on December 28, 2016.

  • Côte d’Ivoire

The date of the Parliamentary elections has been announced. They are due on December 18,2016.

Postponed

  • Democratic Republic of Congo

The elections are expected in 2018.

  • Elections due in 2017

There are 8 national elections planned for next year in Somaliland, Kenya, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Rwanda, Liberia, Gambia and Algeria.

We will get back to you with a factual report of the 2016 elections early 2017.

 

An African Lesson for Trump – Of Acknowledging Electoral Results

On October 19, 2016, Donald Trump at the third and last debate before the USA presidential election, refused to com
mit to acknowledge and respect the official results of these elections. When asked about it by the moderator, the Republican nominee said “I will look at it at the time”. Trump’s statement is extraordinary in the US context and sound sore-losingish. One needs good reasons and strong arguments to demonstrate that an electoral process is flawed.

It is a tradition to accept the result of the election in the USA among the major parties’ candidates. It has become obvious to the point that many political observers and actors have been shocked by Donald Trump’s statement. Extremely interesting, as on December 13, 2000, Al Gore, the then Democrat candidate, eventually conceded presidential election. Article here and video statement there.

code-of-conduct_17319287_baa5f2c7d2f4ae7de458ed4efcd1c780479472edOn another side of the Earth, one can read and hear often news about disputed elections with candidates refusing to acknowledge defeat. The aim of this site is also to talk about all the elections and the other things that work well on that continent and not just the “bad” things. Many African countries have been creative regarding how to best deal with this issue and make the electoral processes more acceptable and credible.

In 1998, the newly-freed-from-Apartheid South Africa adopted an electoral act that included an “Electoral Code of Conduct” aiming at creating conditions that are conducive to free and fair elections. This code is legally binding. It puts candidates at risk of being condemned by a tribunal if they do not accept the results or refuse to challenge them in court.

Among the pillar of this code, here is the key part for today’s talk: “Registered parties and candidates must publicly condemn any action that may undermine the free and fair conduct of elections (Code 1998, 9(1)(b)). Parties and candidates must accept the results of an election or challenge those results in court (Code 1998, 4(2))”.

The African Union has then developed a Charter on Democracy, Elections and Governance. It was adopted in 2007 – the year of the terrible electoral crisis in Kenya. By October 2016, 10 states have ratified it. In its article 17, it states that:

Ensure that there is a binding code of conduct governing legally recognized political stakeholders, government and other political actors prior, during and after elections. The code shall include a commitment by political stakeholders to accept the results of the election or challenge them in through exclusively legal channels”.

Adopting a code does not guarantee to get peaceful elections but it helps especially if this is done through a general a credible and transparent process and where courts can be trusted.

We will keep on looking at shortcomings of the US electoral system and other lessons to learn from African examples.

Focus on African national elections in 2016

4 elections took place in August-October. 4 more are to take place before 2017 and 1 has been postponed.elections-2016-_13262802_943132f83ce4fb6b75b36ae65ab14ba4986aa860

 

 For a full infographic experience click here.

  • Zambia

zambia-electoral-results-2016Zambian voted to elect their president on August 11. The incumbent Edgar Lungu was officially re-elected with 50.35% in the first round. His challenger, Hakainde Hichilema (47.63%) contested the results. Both the Constitutional and the Supreme courts rejected his application. Sources reported that he was arrested on October 5 and charged with “seditious practices” and “unlawful assembly”. He was released the day after. The electoral results show an almost perfect geographical divide.  

Source : a well documented wikipedia page, based on the Zambian electoral commission.

  • Gabon

The Presidential election took place on August 27. The announcement of the results was delayed and eventually took place on August 31. The official results were contested in the streets and then in court. On September 24, the Constitutional Court validated the victory of incumbent President, Ali Bongo, by less than 6000 votes. International observers could not observe the compilation of results. 

  • Seychelles

The opposition coalition, LDS, won the Parliamentary elections organised early September. As a consequence of these results, James Michel, who was re-elected President in December 2015 with less than 200 votes, said he would stand down by October 16, 2016. In Seychelles, the President is both Head of State and Government. He appoints Cabinet members but they have to be approved by majority in Parliament. His Vice-President is to replace him and to remain President for the rest of the term, until 2020.

  • Cape Verde

President Jorge Carlos Fonseca won a second term on October 2nd. The preliminary results gave him nearly 75% of the votes.

Elections left to happen in 2016

  • Morocco

The parliamentary elections are due on October 7, 2016. The electoral lists were completed in August and the official campaign is on.

  • Ghana

Ghanaians are expected to vote on December 7, 2016 to elect their MPs and their President. A second round is planned for the Presidential election on December 28, 2016.

  • Gambia

The Presidential election is due on December 1st, 2016.

  • Côte d’Ivoire

The Parliamentary elections are due in December 2016.

Postponed

  • Democratic Republic of Congo

The parliamentary and presidential elections were due in November this year. Different sources report that the President of the National Independent Electoral Commission, Mr Corneille Nangaa, announced on October 1st at a meeting of the “National Dialogue” in Kinshasa, that it would take 504 days to organize the presidential, parliamentary and provincial elections from July 31st, 2017, pushing the elections to November 2018. There is political tension around the dates.